As intellectual capital of India, Kolkata formally known as Calcutta has withstood the slow test of time. Known as the second city of British Empire, it was till 1910 the capital of India. Indeed, the colonial flavor lingers to this day in the architectural splendor of some of our most baroque monuments like Victoria Memorial. Today with over twelve million residents in the metropolitan region, Kolkata is one of the world’s largest urban agglomerations. Kolkata is representative of human nature surviving against the odds. It was Kolkata that nurtured the creative genius of Noble Laureates Rabindranath Tagore (in literature), Amartya Sen (in economics), Mother Teresa (for peace) and C. V. Raman (in physics). It was Kolkata that formed the first “set” of the Oscar winning director Satyajit Ray. The city currently boasts of seven National institutes of international repute and eight Universities. Kolkata is also known for its sublime history of spiritualism. It has been home to the internationally acknowledged philosopher Swami Vivekananda and his divine guru the great spiritual leader Sri Ramakrishna. Kolkata is well connected through air and surface to all the important cities of India. There are several international flights from major cities of the world. The domestic airports are about 20 km from the city center and 35 km for Jadavpur University.
Kolkata, the city located in the eastern part of India has a sub-tropical climate. It is situated on the Gangetic delta and is very close to the Bay of Bengal. Time in Kolkata is five and a half hours ahead of GMT, the same as all over India. Kolkata being in the tropical climatic zone the daytime varies significantly between summer and winter. During the summer time the daytime extends for nearly thirteen and a half hours, whereas in winters the daytime is for almost eleven hours.
Climate and Clothing
The weather during the spring and winter is very favorable in Kolkata. February is the spring time in Kolkata the climate used to be pretty cool and comfortable with average temperature. The sky use to be clear with low humidity. The early mornings may be foggy here. The temperature varies between 15-22°C and usually never goes below 10°C. Please take this into account when choosing your clothes
Currency, banking and exchange facilities
Indian currency is Rupee (INR). You can exchange currency upon your arrival at the airport or at banks within Kolkata city. Most banks are open during business hours, 9 a.m. until 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs) are abundant throughout the city and the University. Most major credit cards are accepted at businesses, restaurants, and hotels, including Visa, Master Card, American Express and Diners Club.